During one visit in 1907 Curtis spent several days traversing the area surrounding the Little Bighorn River and the famous Custer Battlefield site. He was joined by three Crow Indians who had served as scouts for Custer right up to the battle on June 25, 1876, thirty-one years before. Through these meetings, as well as others with Red Hawk and a group of Cheyenne who fought along side the Sioux in the battle, Curtis was able to piece together a more complete account of Custer's Last Stand. In it he determined that Custer was partially responsible for the outcome of the massacre.
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